UNESCO Appointed 9 Balinese Dances As World Heritage

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Bali Culture to the world – Unesco heritage

BALI NEWS:  Unesco was announcement that 9 Balinese Dances are selected to be kept in the World Heritage. All Balinese peoples are glad to hear this information. 

Selected Dance by Unesco:

Barong Ket Dance

This dance is a towering figure. Humanoid figure with a height twice the height of an adult. The male figure is called Jero Gede, while his partner is called Jero Luh. That said, barong is kindly made to trick the spirits who spread disaster. Barong Ket is the most numerous in Bali and most often staged. It also has Barong dance the most complete movement. Of his form, a fusion between the shape of lions, tigers, cows and dragons. Agency is decorated with intricately carved leather and hundreds of small glass mirrors. The mirror glass and gleaming like a jewel when hit by light. 

There also replace the fibres with crow feathers. Barong Ket was danced by two dancers called Messiah or Savior Bapang Saluk. Bapang interpreter first dances the head, and the other Bapang interpreter in the tail. It’s usually danced in pairs with Rangda, the sinister figure who symbolizes a-dharma (evil). The Barong Ket himself in the dance symbolizes dharma (virtue). Rangda and Barong Ket couple symbolize the eternal battle andara two opposites (rwa bhineda) in this universe. The Ket is accompanied by Gamelan Semar Pagulingan.

Joged Dance

The dance tube is a social dance in Bali. Usually performed in social events in Bali, such as weddings. This dance is danced by female dancers. The dance looks for the male partner of the audience to be invited to dance along. It is usually accompanied by a set of music from bamboo. This dance is very accentuated sex

Legong Keraton Dance

It is a classical Balinese dance group that has a vocabulary of highly complex motion-bound with percussion. Legong word is derived from the word “leg” which means dance flexible or pliable and “gong” meaning gamelan. Gamelan is used to accompany the Legong dance called Gamelan Semar Pagulingan. When the prince recovered from his illness, his dream was poured into the dance repertoire with complete gamelan.

In accordance with the beginning, the Legong dancer standard is two girls who have not had menstruation. Both of these dancers, called Legong, are always equipped with a fan as a tool. In some Legong dances, there is an extra dancer, called skew. The structure of the dance generally consists of papeson, Pangawak, Pengecet, and Pakaad. Legong lost popularity in the early 20th century with the rise of the dance forms Kebyar of the northern part of Bali. New revitalization efforts initiated since the late 1960s, by exhuming the old documents for reconstruction. This dance was the favourite of Unesco. 

Drama Tari Wayang Wong

Wayang Wong is basically the art of mask and puppet performances by human actors or people (wong). In bringing the characters are played, all the dancer’s dialogue, and all the main characters. In some parts of the show, the dancers also sing featuring temple – the temple of the importance of Kakawin. In Bali there are two type Wayang Wong, namely Wayang Wong Ramayana, and Wayang Wong Parwa. Almost all the dancers wear masks. Accompanied by the gamelan Batel Wayang barreled Slendro.

Drama Tari Gambuh

This is a dance drama which is considered the highest quality and is also a classic dramatari Bali richest dance movements. It is estimated Gambuh appeared around the 15th century with the play comes at the Panji stories. Gambuh form of total theater because it constitutes an element of the fabric of sound art, drama and dance, visual arts, literary arts, and others.

Accompanied by the gamelan Penggambuhan that pelog Saih Pitu, characters are usually displayed in Gambuh is Lean, Kakan-ballooning, daughter, Arya / Kadean-kadean, Panji (Patih Manis), Prabangsa (Patih Hard), Demat, Tomonggong, Turas , Panasar, and King. In playing these figures all the dancers in dialogue generally use Kawi language, unless the figures Turas, Panasar and Lean speaking Bali, both smooth, medium, or coarse.

Topeng Sidakarya Dance

Sidakarya term (Sidakarya: Bali), derived from the word “idea” and “work”. The word “eunuch” in Sanskrit, of uric word “siddh” (grade I / IV), it means reaching. In its formation (PP) being said siddha / siddhya, which means success, achieved, accomplished, perfect. While the word “work”, has a sense of duty, purpose, employment / occupation, ritual / ceremony. The second was a vocabulary word in the ancient Javanese language (Bahasa Kawi) “Siddhakarya” and in the language of Bali “Sidakarya”, which has the same meaning, namely a successful job or perfect (Mardiwarsito, 1985: 527). So Mask Sidakarya, is a statement that the job / work held’re done perfectly.

Baris Upacara Dance

As a ceremonial dance, as the name suggests “Lines” is derived from the word that can be interpreted bebaris troops then this dance depicts dexterity forces soldiers. This dance is a group dance performed by men, usually danced by 8 to more than 40 dancers with energetic movement is quite sturdy, straightforward and dynamic, with the accompaniment of Kebyar and Gong Gong Gede. Each species, groups of dancers carried weapons, equipment and ceremonial costumes with different colors, which later became the name of the types of existing Line dance. The sacred dance was selected by Unesco.

Sanghyang Dance

This is a sacred dance that serves as a complement to the ceremony to drive away plague that hit a village or area. In addition to repel plagues, this dance is also used as a means of protection against the threat of the power of black magic (black magic). The dance which is the remains of a pre-Hindu culture is usually danced by two young girls (minors) and is still considered sacred. Before you can dance dancers sanghyang candidate should run some restrictions, such as: should not pass under a clothesline clothes, can not say slovenly and rude, should not lie, and should not be stealing.

Unesco world heitage : Rejang Dance

Was stated by Unesco world heritage that a Rejang dance is a folk art dance / tribal Bali shown exclusively by women and for women. The dance movements are very simple but progressive and agile. Rejang dance performances are usually held in the temple during the course of a traditional ceremony or a religious ceremony in Hindu Dharma. Here is a female dancer who is full of devotion to Hindu deities. The dancers are dressed in a festive ceremony with lots of decorations. They go dancing in line and circle the temple or shrine while holding hand-grip. What dances were selected by Unesco? 

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