Balinese Cultures and Hindu Religion

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Bali, about Culture and Religion

The main religion practiced in Bali Hindu culture is mostly called Agama Hindu Dharma. The Hindu itself consists of some religious sects, but in Bali, all of Balinese are Hindu Ciwa. The two religions (Hindu and Buddhist) arrive from Java and some extend from India during the 8th to 16th centuries. The main symbol of Balinese Hinduism is the Swastika or wheel of the sun. An important belief is that elements of nature are influenced by spirit, which has been appeased. As such offerings (Sesajen) made from agriculture products are offered to this spirit. It is believed that Mount Agung is the abode of the gods and the ancestors. As such, it is revered as the `mother` mountain and is highly sacred to the Balinese.

History – Bali Hindu Culture

Pura Besakih Bali

The religion in Bali is according to three principles those are Desa (place), Kala (time), and Patra (circumstance). Five pillars of faith acknowledge Hinduism. They believe in the one Supreme God (Sang Hyang Whidi Wasa), belief in the soul as the universal principle of life and consciousness (Atma), belief in the fruition of one`s deeds ( karma pala ), belief in the process of birth and death (samsara), and belief in ultimate release (moksha). Hindu religion is consists of the human rites (Manusa Yadnya), the rites of the dead (Pitra Yadnya), rites of the gods, or temple rites (Dewa Yadnya), rites of the demonic forces (Buta Yadnya ) and ordainment rites (Rsi Yadnya).

The essential of offering

Holy water, fire, ash, geese, duck, eggs, and Dab-dab tree leave are purifying elements used in the ritual. The Bali culture is extremely devout and no day goes by without making offerings to the gods. These daily offerings – called Banten are a major part of Balinese life. You will see these offerings nearly everywhere in Bali.

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